There are very very few fundamental, complex, universal laws that are unchanging, if any at all. There are few concrete, absolute laws/theories about the philosophy of man as well. There are too many exceptions about morality, justice, happiness, goodness, truth, and knowledge. It is very difficult to law down a law as an absolute thruth which has no paradoxes. I have a doubt of static unchanging, and eternal rules. I think that the natural laws of physics that govern our universe may be subject to change. I think that maybe, and especially if we live in something resembling a multi-verse, that this change wouldn’t be very different from Darwinian evolution.
To understand what I mean, you have to be familiar with the multi-verse theory. I do not at all have a complete understanding myself but I believe I do understand the basic idea. A multi-verse would not consist of completely separate and cut-off universes, rather a multi-verse would resemble something like bubbles floating in the air. Imagine you had, in a room in your house, 100 small bubbles floating about. Each of these bubbles would be a universe, with an unbelievable amount of space between each one. Now there is nothing different about all the space between the bubbles than there is between the space of the matter in the bubble. That is, the bubble universes are not closed in by anything, it is just that gravity has gathered this great amount of mass together, not unlike how our own universe creates separate galaxies. If we follow, from the bottom up, the discoveries of structures, from the earth and other planets coalescing and orbiting the Sun, forming a solar system, to millions of solar systems making up a galaxy, to millions of galaxies making up a galaxy cluster, it would not be unreasonable to further this trend to the universal level. The problem with the multi-verse for physicists is that it may signal an end to physics. I mean that we may be on the cusp of knowing all that we can know. Now before you criticize me, I do not mean that we will not discover anything new in physics, instead, I mean that the theory of a multi-verse, if true, may signal to physicists that there is a vast amount of knowledge about the laws and truths of our universe that is unknowable. It may be that each ‘bubble’ was formed by chance, and each universe has developed it’s own laws of physics completely randomly. Therefore, there is no reason for why the universe behaves as it does, it just does. This I think, would be sad not only for physicists but mankind as a whole. Luckily, at CERN the Large Hadron Collider has recently made a truly remarkable discovery. A hadron is just a particle made up of a smaller particle called a quark, held together by the strong nuclear force. At the LHC physicists speed particles up to nearly the speed of light, smashing them into each other and try to dissect and discover new particles in the debris. (Interestingly, some of the things they have found are difficult to classify. For instance, a type of ‘particle’ they have discovered decays/radiates? So quickly they are not quite sure if they should call it a particle, or just radiation.) Now the two types of physicists collaborate at the LHC. Theoretical physicists come up with the theories and the experimental physicists conduct the experiments. The theoretical physicists have long believed that there is a particle, called the Higgs boson (first proposed by Peter Higgs in 1964) that has it’s own field and subsequently gives all the other particles their mass. Beyond this I know nothing of theHiggs. The theorists have predicted the mass of the Higgs to have incredible importance. If the Higgs comes out to have a mass of around 140 GeV it would strongly support the multi-verse theory, putting an end to a chapter in physics. However, if the Higgs shows a mass of around 125 GeV then the theory of super-symmetry is supported. Interestingly, the super-symmetry theory tells us, that the standard model is unstable and thus incomplete, meaning there must be more particles to discover. Well, on July 4th, 2012 researchers announced they had discovered what they believed to be the Higgs Boson (which is often called the God Particle in the media because of its mass-giving properties, a name most physicists, including Higgs himself do not like.). The mass of the Higgs, it turns out, is a frustrating 125GeV. Essentially between each of the projected mass’s. Watching Particle Fever, where I learned a lot of these things, Peter Higgs was at the presentation of the Higgs discover at CERN. Upon the presentation of the mass, Peter, a now elderly man, was moved to tears as he accepted a roaring standing ovation from some of the smartest, most talented physicists in the world. I can imagine nothing more fulfilling than this kind of conformation, what a feeling he must have had. I recall reading about Einstein, that when he realized his theory of relativity, he began to have heart palpitations. Imagine being the only person ever to exist to understand so intimately, the in which our universe itself operates. Now, hopefully the LHC will determine if the graviton, the particle theorized to be responsible for quantum gravity exists. Whatever that means.